Dr. Fred Gmitter

Dr. Fred Gmitter



Program Emphasis

Citrus breeding and genetics for variety improvement; genomic research to develop efficient ways to select improved plants and to enable cloning and manipulation of important genes; seedless variety development by mutation breeding and tissue culture methods; citrus germplasm acquisition and characterization; applied genetic transformation research.

Books, Contributor of Chapter(s)

Shen, X., F. G. Gmitter Jr., and J. W. Grosser. Immature embryo rescue and culture. In: Plant Embryo Culture: Methods and Protocols. Thorpe, T. A. and E. C. Yeung (Eds.). Methods in Molecular Biology, vol. 710, Humana Press, Springer, New York. 2011, pp.75-92.

Grosser, J.W., F.G. Gmitter, Jr., V. Orbovic, G.A. Moore, J.H. Graham, J. Soneji, M. Kayim, J. Gonzalez-Ramos, and T.E. Mirkov. Genetic transformation of grapefruit. In: A Compendium of Transgenic Crop Plants. Kole, C. and T.C. Hall (Eds.). Blackwell Publishing, Oxford, UK. 2008, pp. 63-76.

Gmitter Jr., F. G., J. R. Soneji, and M. N. Rao. Citrus breeding. In: Breeding Plantation Tree Crops: Temperate Species. Mohan Jain, S. and Priyadarshan, P. M. (Eds.). Springer, New York. 2008, pp. 105-134.

Gmitter, Jr., F. G., J. R. Soneji, M. N. Rao, and S. Huang. Citrus.  In:  The Encyclopedia of Fruits and Nuts. Janick, J. and R. E. Paull (Eds.). 2007 (In press).

Gmitter, Jr., F. G., J. W. Grosser, W. S. Castle, and G. A. Moore. A comprehensive Citrus genetic improvement program. In: Citrus Genetics, Breeding and Biotechnology.  Kahn, I. H. (Ed.).  CAB International, Oxfordshire. 2007, pp. 9- 18.  

Gmitter, Jr., F. G., Z. Deng, and C. Chen. Cloning and characterization of disease resistance genes in Citrus. In: Citrus Genetics, Breeding and Biotechnology. Kahn, I. H. (Ed.).  CAB International, Oxfordshire. 2007 pp. 287-305.

Gmitter, Jr., F. G., C. Chen, M. N. Rao, and J. R. Soneji. Citrus fruits.  In:  Fruits and Nuts, Genome Mapping & Molecular Breeding in Plants, Volume (4), Kole KR (Ed.).  Springer, Heidelberg. 2007, pp. 265-279.

Bulletins, Circulars, and Fact Sheets

Gmitter, F. G.  2003.  New Plants for Florida: Citrus Gainesville, FL: IFAS Communications.  2 pp.  (DLN: AG211).

Refereed Publications

Wei, X., Chen, C., Yu, Q., Gady, A., Yu, Y., Liang, G., and Gmitter Jr., F. G.  Comparison of carotenoid accumulation and biosynthetic gene expression between Valencia and Rohde Red Valencia sweet oranges. Plant Science, 2014, 227:28-36. DOI: 10.1016/j.plantsci.2014.06.016.

Chen, C., Bock, C. H., Okie, W. R., Gmitter Jr., F. G., Jung, S., Main, D., Beckman, T. G., and Wood, B. W. Genome-wide characterization and selection of expressed sequence tag simple sequence repeat primers for optimized marker distribution and reliability in peach. Tree Genetics and Genomes, 2014, 10.1007/s11295-014-0759-4

Favaro, M. A., Micheloud, N. G., Roeschlin, R. A., Chiesa, M. A., Castagnaro, A. P., Vojnov, A. A., Gmitter Jr., F. G., Gadea, J., Rista, L. M., Gariglio, N. F., Marano, M. R. Surface barriers of mandarin cv. ‘Okitsu’ leaves make a major contribution to canker disease resistance. Phytopathology, 2014, 104:970-976.http://dx.doi.org/10.1094/PHYTO-10-13-0277-R. 

Wei, X., Chen, C., Yu, Q., Gady, A., Yu, Y., Liang, G., and Gmitter Jr., F. G. Novel expression patterns of carotenoid pathway-related genes in citrus leaves and fruits. Tree Genetics and Genomes, 2014, 10:439-448. 10.1007/s11295-013-0688-7.

Wu, G. A., Prochnik, S., Jemkins, J., Salse, J., Hellsten, U., Murat, F., Perrier, X., Ruiz, M., Scalabrin, S., Terol, J., Takita, M.A., Labadie, K., Poulain, J., Jabbari, K., Cattonaro, F., Del Fabbro, C., Pinosio, S., Zuccolo, A., Chapman, J., Grimwood, J., Tadeo, F. R., Estornell, L. H., Muñoz-Sanoz, J. V., Ibanez, V., Herrero-Ortega, A., Aleza, P., Pérez-Pérez J., Ramón, D., Brunel, D., Luro, F., Chen, C., Farmerie, W. G., Desany, B., Kodira, C., Mohiuddin, M., Harkins, T., Fredrikson, K., Burns, P., Lomsadze, A., Borodovsky, M., Reforgiato, G., Freitas-Astúa, J., Quetier, F., Navarro, L., Roose, M., Wincker, P., Schmutz, J., Morgante, M., Machado, M. A., Talon, M., Jaillon, O., Ollitrault, P., Gmitter, F., Rokhsar, D.  Sequencing of diverse mandarin, pummelo and orange genomes reveals complex history of admixture during citrus domestication. Nature Biotechnology, 2014, 32:656-662. doi:10.1038/nbt.2906.

Chen, C. and Gmitter Jr., F. G.  Mining of haplotype-based expressed sequence tag single nucleotide polymorphisms in citrus. BMC Genomics, 2013, 14:746. DOI:10.1186/1471-2164-14-746.

Aritua, V., Achor, D., Gmitter, F. G., Albrigo, G., Wang, N.  Transcriptional and microscopic analyses of citrus stem and root responses to Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus infection. PLoS ONE, 2013, 8(9): e73742, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0073742.

Cancalon, P. F. and Gmitter Jr., F. G.  New grapefruit and pummelo cultivars with very low furanocoumarin contents are good candidates to provide a solution to the drug interaction problem. Fruit Processing, 2013,  23:126-129.

Germana, M. A., Aleza, P., Carrera, E., Chen, C., Chiancone, B., Constantino, G., Dambier, D., Deng, X., Federici, C. T., Froehlicher, Y., Guo, W., Ibanez, V., Juarez, J., Kwok, K., Luro, F., Machado, M. M., Naranjo, M., A., Navarro, L., Ollitrault, P., Rios, G., Roose, M. L., Talon, M., Xu, Q., and Gmitter, F. G. Cytological and molecular characterization of three gametoclones of Citrus clementina. BMC Plant Biology, 2013, 13:129. DOI:10.1186/1471-2229-13-129.

Shen, X., Orbovic, V., Dutt, M., Castle, W. S., and Gmitter Jr., F. G. Direct shoot organogenesis in Murraya paniculata (L.) Jack: A prerequisite for genetic transformation. HortScience, 2013, 48:938-941. 

Fan, J., Chen, C., Yu, Q., Khalaf, A., Achor, D. S., Brlansky, R. H., Moore, G. A., Li, Z. G., and Gmitter, Jr., F. G. Comparative transcriptional and anatomical analyses of tolerant rough lemon and susceptible sweet orange in response to Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus infection. Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions, 2012, 25:1396-1407, http://dx.doi.org/10.1094/MPMI-06-12-0150-R.

Gmitter Jr., F. G., Chen, C., Machado, M. A., Alves de Souza, A., Ollitrault, P., Froehlicher, Y. and Shimizu, T. Citrus genomics. Tree Genetics and Genomes (Special Edition, invited manuscript), 2012, 8:611-626. DOI 10.1007/s11295-012-0499-2.

Greenblatt, D. J., Zhao, Y., Hanley, M. J., Chen, C., Harmatz, J. S., Cancalon, P. F., and Gmitter Jr., F. G. Mechanism-based inhibition of human cytochrome P450-3A (CYP3A) activity by grapefruit hybrids having low furanocoumarin content. Xenobiotica, 2012, 42:1163-1169. DOI: 10.3109/00498254.2012.700428.

Ollitrault, P., Terol,J., Chen, C., Federici, C. T., Lotfy, S., Hippolyte, I., Ollitrault, F., Bérard, A., Chauveau, A., Cuenca, J. Costantino, G., Kacar, Y., Mu, L., Garcia-Lor, A., Froelicher, Y., Aleza, P., Boland, A., Billot, C., Navarro, L., Luro, F., Roose, M. L., Gmitter, F. G., Talon, M., and Brunel, D. A reference genetic map of C. clementina hort. ex Tan.; citrus evolution inferences from comparative mapping. BMC Genomics, 2012, 13:593 DOI:10.1186/1471-2164-13-593.

Wegrzyn, J.L., Main, D., Figueroa, B., Choi, M.,  Yu, J., Neale, D. B.  Jung, S., Lee, T., Stanton, M., Zheng, P., Ficklin, S., Cho, I., Peace, C., Evans, K., Volk, G., Oraguzie, N., Chen C., Olmstead, M., Gmitter Jr., F. G., and Abbott A. G. Uniform standards for genome databases in forest and fruit trees. Tree Genetics and Genomes (Special Edition), 2012, DOI 10.1007/s11295-012-0494-7.

Andrade-Souza, V., Costa, M. G., Chen, C. X., Gmitter Jr., F. G. and Costa, M. A. Physical location of the carotenoid biosynthesis genes Psy and β-Lcy in Capsicum annuum (Solanaceae) using heterologous probes from Citrus sinensis (Rutaceae). Genetics and Molecular Research, 2011, 10:404-409.

Bi, X., House, L., Gao, Z., and Gmitter, F. Sensory evaluation and experimental auctions: measuring willingness to pay for specific sensory attributes. American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 2011, 1-7; doi: 10.1093/ajae/aar062.

Castle, W.S., Bowman, K.D., Baldwin, J.C., Grosser, J.W., and Gmitter, F.G. Rootstocks affect tree growth, yield, and juice quality of 'Marsh' grapefruit. HortScience, 2011, 46:841-848.

Chen, C., Cancalon, P., Haun, C., and Gmitter Jr., F. Characterization of furanocoumarin profile and inheritance toward selection of low furanocoumarin seedless grapefruit cultivars. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science, 2011, 136(5):358-363.

Fan, J., Chen, C., Yu, Q., Brlansky, R.H., Li, Z.-G., and Gmitter, F.G. Comparative iTRAQ proteome and transcriptome analyses of sweet orange infected by “Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus”. Physiologia Plantarum, 2011, 143: 235-245.

Gao, Z., House, L. O., Gmitter Jr., F. G., Valim, M. F., Plotto, A., and Baldwin, E. A. Consumer preferences for fresh citrus: impacts of demographic and behavioral characteristics. International Food and Agribusiness Management Review, 2011, 14:23-40.

Grosser, J.W. and F.G. Gmitter, Jr. Protoplast fusion for production of tetraploids and triploids: applications for scion and rootstock breeding in citrus. Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture, 2011, 104:343-357.

House, L. O., Z. Gao, T. H. Spreen, F. G. Gmitter Jr., M. F. Valim, A. Plotto, and E. A. Baldwin. Consumer preference for mandarins: implications of a sensory analysis. Agribusiness: An International Journal, 2011,27:450-464.

Khalaf, A., Gmitter Jr., F.G., Conesa, A., Dopazo, J., and Moore, G. A. Fortunella margarita transcriptional reprogramming triggered by Xanthomonas citri subsp. citri. BMC Plant Biology,2011, 11:159 doi:10.1186/1471-2229-11-159.

Miyazaki, T., Plotto, A., Baldwin, E. A., Reyes-De-Corcuera, J., and Gmitter Jr., F. G. 2011. Aroma characterization of tangerine hybrids by gas-chromatography olfactometry and sensory evaluation. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture. 92:727-735.. DOI 10.1002/jsfa.4663.

Song, K. J., Kim, S. B., Park, J. H., Oh, E. U., Lee, K., Kim, D. W., Kang, J. H., Kim, J. S., Oh, J. H. and Gmitter, F. G. Frequency and growth characteristics of polyploids occurred spontaneously in some mandarin hybrids. Korean Journal of Horticultural Science & Technology, 2011, 29:617-622.

Chen, C., Costa, M. C. G., Yu, Q., Moore, G. A., and Gmitter, F. G. Identification of novel members in sweet orange carotenoid biosynthesis gene families. Tree Genetics and Genomes, 2010, 6:905-914.

Dutt, M., Vasconcellos, M., Song, K.J., Gmitter, F.G., and Grosser, JW. In vitro production of autotetraploid Ponkan mandarin (Citrus reticulata Blanco) using cell suspension cultures. Euphytica, 2010, 173:235-242.

Fan, J., Chen, C., Brlansky, R. H., Gmitter Jr., F. G., and Li, Z.-G. Changes in carbohydrate metabolism in Citrus sinensis infected with ‘Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus’. Plant Pathology, 2010, 6:1037-1043. Doi: 10.1111/j.1365-3059.2010.02328.x.

Fan, J., Chen, C., Yu, Q., Li, Z.-G., and Gmitter Jr., F. G. Characterization of three terpenoid glycosyltransferase genes in ‘Valencia’ sweet orange (Citrus sinensis L. Osbeck). Genome, 2010, 53:816-823.

Grosser, J. W., An, H. J., Calovic, M., Lee, D. H., Chen, C., Vasconcellos, M. and Gmitter Jr., F. G. Production of new allotetraploid and autotetraploid citrus breeding parents: focus on zipperskin mandarins. HortScience, 2010, 45: 1160-1163.

Grosser, J. W. and Gmitter Jr., F. G. Protoplast fusion for production of tetraploids and triploids: applications for scion and rootstock breeding in citrus. Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture, 2010, DOI 10.1007/s11240-010-9823-4.

Hartung, J. S., Halbert, S. E., Pelz-Stelinski, K., Brlansky, R. H., Chen, C., and Gmitter, F. G. Lack of evidence for transmission of ‘Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus’ through citrus seed taken from affected fruit. Plant Disease, 2010, 94:1200-1205.

Mendes, A. F. S., Chen, C., Gmitter Jr., F. G., Moore, G. A., and Costa, M. G. C.
Expression and phylogenetic analysis of two new lycopene β-cyclases from Citrus paradisi. Physiologia Plantarum, 2010, doi:10.1111/j.1399-3054.2010.01415.x.

Miyazaki, T., Plotto, A., Goodner, K., and Gmitter Jr., F. G. 2010. Distribution of aroma volatile compounds in tangerine hybrids and proposed inheritance. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture.91:449-460. doi: 10.1002/jsfa.4205.

Shen, X., Castle, W.S., and Gmitter Jr., F.G. In vitro shoot proliferation and root induction of shoot tip explants from mature male plants of Casuarina cunninghamiana Miq. HortScience, 2010, 45:797-800.

Xiang, X., Deng, Z., Chen, C., Gmitter Jr., F.G., and Bowman, K.D. Marker assisted selection in citrus rootstock breeding based on a major gene locus 'Tyr1' controlling citrus nematode resistance. Agricultural Sciences in China, 2010, 9:557-567.

Shen, X., W. S. Castle, and F. G. Gmitter Jr.  Petroleum ether separation and seedcoat removal enhance seed germination of a Casuarina equisetifolia L. x C. glauca Sieb. ex Spreng hybrid.  HortScience, 2009, 44:770-773.

Febres, V. F., A. Khalaf, F. G. Gmitter Jr., and G. A. Moore.  Production of disease resistance in citrus by understanding natural defense pathways and pathogen interactions.  Tree and Forest Science and Biotechnology, 2009, 3:30-39. (Invited review).

Shen, X., W. S. Castle and F. G. Gmitter Jr. Micropropagation of a Casuarina hybrid (Casuarina equisetifolia L. ×  Casuarina glauca Sieber ex Spreng) following facilitated seed germination. Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture, 2009, 97:103-108.

Talon, M. and F. G. Gmitter Jr. Citrus genomics. International Journal of Plant Genomics, 2008, Article ID 528361, 17 pages, doi:10.1155/2008/528361.

Orbovic, V., M. Calovic, Z. Viloria, B Nielsen, F.G. Gmitter, Jr., W.S. Castle, and J. W. Grosser. Analysis of genetic variability in various tissue culture-derived lemon plant populations using RAPD and flow cytometry. Euphytica, 2008, 161:329-335.

Khalaf, A., G. A. Moore, J. B. Jones, and F. G. Gmitter Jr. New insights into the resistance of Nagami kumquat to canker disease. Physiological and Molecular Plant Pathology, 2008, 71: 240-250.

Czarneki, D. M., M. N. Rao, J. G. Norcini, F. G. Gmitter, Jr., and Z. Deng. Genetic diversity and differentiation among natural, production, and introduced populations of narrowly endemic species Coreopsis leavenworthii (Asteraceae). Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science, 2008, 133:234-241.

Chen, C., M. T. Lyon, D. O’Malley, C. T. Federici, J. Gmitter, J. W. Grosser, J. X. Chaparro, M. L. Roose and F. G. Gmitter, Jr.  2008.  Origin and frequency of 2n gametes in Citrus sinensis x Poncirus trifoliata and their reciprocal crosses.  Plant Science 174:1-8.  PDF

Abeer, K., G. A. Moore, J. B. Jones and F. G. Gmitter.  2008.  New insights into the resistance of Nagami kumquat to canker disease.  Physiological and Molecular Plant Pathology.  PDF

Czarnecki II, D. M., M. N. Rao, J. G. Norcini, F. G. Gmitter, Jr. and Z. Deng.  2008.  Genetic diversity and differentiation among natural, production, and introduced populations of the narrowly endemic species Coreopsis leavenworthii (Asteraceae).  J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 133(2):234-241.  PDF

Chen, C., Q. Zheng, X. Xiang, J. R. Soneji, S. Huang, Y. A. Choi, M. N. Rao and F. G. Gmitter, Jr.  2007.  Development of pGreen-derived GFP binary vectors for citrus transformation.  HortScience 42(1):7-10.  PDF

H. Dou and F. G. Gmitter.  2007.  Postharvest quality and acceptance of LB8-9 mandarin as a new fresh fruit cultivar.  HortTechnology 17:72-77.  PDF

Chen, C., K. D. Bowman, Y. A. Choi, P. M. Dang, M. N. Rao, S. Huang, J. R. Soneji, T. G. McCollum and F. G. Gmitter, Jr.  2007.  EST-SSR genetic maps for Citrus sinensis and Poncirus trifoliata.  Tree Genetics & Genomes.  10 pages.  PDF

Chen, C., Zhou, P., Choi, Y., Huang, S. & Gmitter, F. G.  2006.  Mining and characterizing microsatellites from citrus ESTs.  Theoretical and Applied Genetics.  112:1248-1257.

Dalkilic, Z., Timmer, L. W. & Gmitter, F. G.  2005.  Linkage of an Alternaria disease resistance gene in mandarin hybrids with RAPD fragments.  Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science.  130:191-195.

Grosser, J. W. & Gmitter, F. G.  2005.  2004 SIVB Proceedings - Thinking outside the cell - Applications of somatic hybridization and cybridization in crop improvement, with citrus as a model.  In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology - Plant.  41:220-225.

Guo, W., Prasad, D., Serrano, P., Gmitter, F. G. & Grosser, J. W.  2004.  Citrus somatic hybridization with potential for direct tetraploid scion cultivar development.  Journal of Horticultural Science & Biotechnology.  79(3):400-405.

Deng, Z. & Gmitter, F. G.  2003.  Cloning and characterization of receptor kinase class disease resistance gene candidates in citrus.  Theoretical and Applied Genetics.  108:53-61.

Weber, C. A., Deng, Z., Gmitter, F. G. & Moore, G. A.  2003.  Mapping cold tolerance quantitative trait loci in a Citrus grandis x Poncirus trifoliata F-1 pseudo-testcross using molecular markers  Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science.  128:508-514.

Moreira, M. D., Gmitter, F. G., Grosser, J. W., Huang, S., Ortega, V. M. & Chase, C. D.  2002.  Inheritance of organelle DNA sequences in a Citrus-Poncirus intergeneric cross.  Journal of Heredity.  93:174-178.

Yu, C., Huang, S., Chen, C., Deng, Z., Ling, P. & Gmitter, F. G.  2002.  Factors affecting Agrobacterium-mediated transformation and regeneration of sweet orange and citrange.  Plant Cell Tissue and Organ Culture.  71:147-155.

Deng, Z., Huang, S., Ling, P., Yu, C., Tao, Q., Chen, C., Wendell, M., Zhang, H. B. & Gmitter, F. G.  2001.  Fine genetic mapping and BAC contig development for the citrus tristeza virus resistance gene locus in Poncirus trifoliata (Raf.).  Molecular and General Genetics.  265:739-747.

Deng, Z., Tao, Q., Chang, Y. L., Huang, S., Ling, P., Yu, C., Chen, C., Gmitter, F. G. & Zhang, H. B.  2001.  Construction of a bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) library for citrus and identification of BAC contigs containing resistance gene candidates.  Theoretical and Applied Genetics.  102:1177-1184.

Nigg, H. N., Simpson, S. E., El-Gholl, N. E. & Gmitter, F. G.  2001.  Response of citrus seedlings to Diaprepes abbreviatus L. (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) Larvae Feeding.  Proceedings of the Florida State Horticultural Society.  114:57-64.

Ling, P., Duncan, L. W., Deng, Z., Dunn, D., Hu, X. P. & Gmitter, F. G.  2000.  Inheritance of citrus nematode resistance and its linkage with molecular markers.  Theoretical and Applied Genetics.  100:1010-1017.

Bas, B., Peever, T. L., Dalkilic, Z., Nigg, H. N., Simpson, S. E., Gmitter, F. G. & Adair, R. C. 2000.  Genetic relationships among Florida Diaprepes abbreviatus L. (Coleoptera:  Curculionidae) populations.  Annals of the Entomological Society of America.  93:459-467.

Deng, Z., Huang, S., Ling, P., Chen, C., Yu, C., Weber, C. A., Moore, G. A. & Gmitter, F. G.  2000.  Cloning and characterization of NBS-LRR class resistance gene candidate sequences in citrus.  Theoretical and Applied Genetics.  101:814-822.

Grosser, J. W., Gmitter, F. G., Fleming, G. & Chandler, J.  2000.  Applications of biotechnology to citrus cultivar improvement at the Citrus Research and Education Center.  Acta Horticulturae.  535:213-220.

Moreira, M. D., Chase, C. D., Gmitter, F. G. & Grosser, J. W.  2000.  Transmission of organelle genomes in citrus somatic hybrids.  Plant Cell Tissue and Organ Culture.  61:165-168.

Moreira, M. D., Chase, C., Gmitter, F. G. & Grosser, J. W.  2000.  Inheritance of organelle genomes in citrus cybrids.  Molecular Breeding.  6:401-405.

Moreira, M. D., Chase, C., Gmitter, F. G. & Grosser, J. W.  2000.  Inheritance of organelle genomes in citrus somatic hybrids.  Plant Cell Reports.  61:165-168.

Non-Refereed Publications

Castle, W. S., Grosser, J. W., Gmitter, F. G., Schnell, R. J., Ayala-Silva, T., Crane, J. H. & Bowman, K. D.  2004.  Evaluation of new citrus rootstocks for ‘Tahiti’ lime production in southern Florida.  Proceedings of the Florida State Horticultural Society.  117:174-181.

Morgan, K. T., Castle, W. S., Futch, S. H., Gmitter, F. G., Grosser, J. W., Jackson, J. L., Parsons, L. R., Price, W. M. & Wheaton, T. A.  2002.  A view to the future of Florida agriculture.  Water Conserv II Annual Report 2001-2002.

Calovic, M., Viloria, Z., Nielsen, B., Gmitter, F. G., Castle, W. S. & Grosser, J. W.  2000.  Somatic embryogenesis from lemon styles and analysis of genetic stability in regenerated plants using RAPD and flow cytometry.  Proceedings of the International Society of Citriculture.  1:131-134.